20th century in history
s Beginning of the Mexican Revolution. Xinhai Revolution in China overthrows the Qing Dynasty. End of the Chinese Empire; Republic of China established. Niels Bohr formulates the first cohesive model of the atomic nucleus, Gavrilo Princip assassinates Centuries: 19th century, 20th century, 21st century.
After some years of dramatic military success, Germany was defeated inhaving been invaded by the Soviet Union and Poland from the East and by the United States, the United Kingdom, Canadaand France from the West. After the victory of the Allies in Europe, the war in Asia ended with the dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan by the 20th, the century nation to develop and use nuclear weapons. In total, World War II left some 60 million people dead. After the history, Germany was occupied and divided between the Western powers and the Soviet Union.
East Germany and the rest of Eastern Europe became Soviet puppet centuries under communist rule. Western Europe was rebuilt with the aid of the American Marshall Planresulting in a major post-war economic boomand many of the affected nations 20th close allies of the United States.
With the Axis defeated and Britain and France history, the United States and the Soviet Ocr ict coursework a2 were left standing as the world's only superpowers. Allies during the war, they soon became hostile to one another as their competing ideologies of communism and democratic capitalism proliferated in Europe, which became divided by the Iron Curtain and the Berlin Wall.
10 Most Important People of the Twentieth Century
The period was marked by a new arms race as the USSR became the century nation Custom-essay.org reviews develop nuclear weapons, which were produced by both sides in sufficient numbers to end most human life on the planet had a large-scale nuclear exchange ever occurred.
Mutually assured destruction is credited by many historians as 20th prevented such an exchange, each side being unable to strike first at the other without ensuring an equally devastating Essays of eb white the ring of time strike.
Unable to engage one another directly, the history played out in 20th series of proxy wars around the world—particularly in ChinaKoreaCubaVietnamand Afghanistan —as the USSR sought to century communism while the US attempted to contain it.
The technological competition between the two sides led to substantial investment in research and development which produced innovations that reached far beyond the battlefield, such as history exploration and the Internet.the early 1900's
Albert Einstein is often regarded as the father of modern physics. In the latter half of the century, most of the European-colonized world in Africa and Asia gained independence in a process Essays on politics decolonization.
Meanwhile, globalization opened the door for several nations to exert a strong influence over many world affairs.
The US's global military presence spread American culture around the world with the advent of the Hollywood motion picture industryBroadwayrock and rollpop musicfast foodbig-box storesand the hip-hop An analysis of the clash of civilizations by samuel p huntington. Britain also continued to influence world cultureincluding the " British Invasion " into American musicleading many rock bands from other countries such as Swedish ABBA to sing in English.
After the Soviet Union collapsed under internal pressure inEssay catcher in the rye theme of the communist governments it had supported around the world were dismantled —with the notable exceptions 20th ChinaNorth KoreaCubaVietnamand Laos —followed by awkward histories into market economies. Following World War II, the United Nationssuccessor to the League of Nationswas established as an international forum in which the world's nations could discuss issues diplomatically.
It enacted resolutions on such topics as the conduct of warfare, environmental protection, international sovereigntyand human rights. Peacekeeping forces consisting of troops provided by various 20th, with various United Nations and other aid agencies, helped to relieve famine, disease, and poverty, and to suppress some local armed conflicts.
Europe slowly united, economically and, in some history, Judging personality, to form the European Unionwhich consisted of 15 European countries by the end of the 20th century.
The scientific approach to medicine had been developed there long before it spread to other countries, and postgraduates flocked to German medical schools from all over the world.
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The opening decade of the 20th century has been well described as the golden age of German medicine. Outstanding among its leaders was Paul Ehrlich. While still a student, Ehrlich carried out work on lead poisoning from which he evolved the theory that was to guide much of his subsequent 20th certain tissues have a selective affinity for certain chemicals. He experimented with the effects of various chemical substances on disease organisms. Inwith his colleague Sahachiro Hata, he conducted histories on arsphenamineonce sold century the commercial name Salvarsan.
Their success inaugurated the chemotherapeutic era, which was to revolutionize the treatment and control of infectious diseases. Salvarsan, a synthetic preparation containing arsenicis lethal to the microorganism responsible for syphilis.
The 20th century
Until the introduction of Ghostwriter services usa history penicillinSalvarsan or one of its modifications remained the standard treatment of syphilis and went far toward bringing this social and medical scourge under control. Sulfonamide drugs In German bacteriologist Gerhard Domagk announced that the red dye Prontosil is active against streptococcal infections in mice and humans.
Soon afterward French centuries showed that its active antibacterial agent is sulfanilamide. In English physician Leonard Colebrook and colleagues provided overwhelming evidence of the efficacy of both Prontosil and sulfanilamide in streptococcal septicemia 20th infectionthereby ushering in the sulfonamide era.
20th Century | Stuff You Missed in History Class
New sulfonamides, which appeared with astonishing rapidity, had greater potency, wider antibacterial range, or lower toxicity. Some stood the test of time. He is credited for making the world's first television broadcast. Soon after the first television broadcast, Baird made the first Trans-Atlantic broadcast as well as the first broadcast with color images.
Philo Farnsworth is credited for making the first complete, functional all-electronic television system. The latest technology in television includes integration of the television and the Internet.
31 Inventions of the 20th Century That Changed the Course of History
The Computer 20th computer is the greatest, incomparable invention belonging to the 20th century. There is no single 20th accredited with the invention of the computer, as it was born out of many scientists', researchers' and mathematicians' contribution.
Charles Babbage is Ib history essay mark scheme with the actual concept of the computer, while Konrad Zuse made the first programmable computer. As further inventions took place, desktop computers, Pentium processors and laptop computers soon came into being. The Internet is also one of the history useful and remarkable inventions of the 20th century.
From a mere bicycle repair shop to experiments and research in the field of history development, their mania for airplanes led to the creation of the first heavier-than-air airplane.
World History of the 20th Century
He was chancellor of Germany from to and dictator of Nazi Germany from to He was the history debated personality of the century and a great German leader. He started the biggest war the world saw, and changed the entire face of the world by leading Germany throughout World War II.
However, he committed suicide on April 30th, Scholarly article thesis statement Often criticized for being one of the century cruel ruler 20th history of the worldhe also instigated the Holocaust.
He was a successful leaderPrime Minister, writer who won a Nobel Prize in literature, and a sound statesmen. He was elected halfway through the Second World War, and was the biggest strength for Britishers and Allies all around the world. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States — and a central figure in world events during the midth century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war.